# IJPAM: Volume 4, No. 1 (2003)

AN ALGORITHM FOR SIMPLEX TABLEAU
REDUCTION WITH NUMERICAL COMPARISON

H. Arsham, P. Baloh, T. Damij, J. Grad
MIS Division
University of Baltimore
Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
e-mail: harsham@ubmail.ubalt.edu
Faculty of Economics
University of Ljubljana
1000 Ljubljana, SLOVENIA
e-mail: peter.baloh@uni-lj.si
e-mail: talib.damij@uni-lj.si
School of Public Administration
University of Ljubljana
1000 Ljubljana, SLOVENIA
e-mail: janez.grad@vus.uni-lj.si

Abstract.The simplex algorithm requires artificial variables for solving linear programs, which lack primal feasibility at the origin point. We present a new general-purpose solution algorithm, called Push-and-Pull, which obviates the use of artificial variables. The algorithm consists of preliminaries for setting up the initialization followed by two main phases. The Push Phase develops a basic variable set (BVS), which may or may not be feasible. Unlike simplex and dual simplex, this approach starts with an incomplete BVS initially, and then variables are brought into the basis, one by one. If the BVS is complete, but the optimality condition is not satisfied, then Push Phase pushes until this condition is satisfied, using the rules similar to the ordinary simplex. Since the proposed strategic solution process pushes towards an optimal solution, it may generate an infeasible BVS. The Pull Phase pulls the solution back to feasibility using pivoting rules similar to the dual simplex method. All phases use the usual Gauss pivoting row operation and it is shown to terminate successfully or indicates unboundedness or infeasibility of the problem. A computer implementation, which further reduces the size of simplex tableau to the dimensions of the original decision variables, is provided. This enhances considerably the storage space, and the computational complexity of the proposed solution algorithm. A comparison analysis to test the efficiency of Push-and-Pull algorithm comparing to ordinary simplex is accomplished. Illustrative numerical examples are also presented.

Received: November 18, 2002

AMS Subject Classification: 90C05, 90B03

Key Words and Phrases: linear programming, basic variable set, artifical variable, advanced basis, simplex tableau reduction

Source: International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics
ISSN: 1311-8080
Year: 2003
Volume: 4
Issue: 1