IJPAM: Volume 85, No. 5 (2013)


Yutaka Nishiyama
Department of Business Information
Faculty of Information Management
Osaka University of Economics
2, Osumi Higashiyodogawa Osaka, 533-8533, JAPAN

Abstract. It has been written that across the world there are 27 types of counting method using the fingers. For example, there are various methods for starting to count `one' using either the index finger, thumb or little finger. In ancient Rome, people counted `one' by bending their left little finger. Counting using the fingers differs according to region, ethnicity, and historical period. This chapter also discusses the `evolutionary theory' of counting methods.

Received: January 17, 2013

AMS Subject Classification: 01A02, 00A09, 97A20

Key Words and Phrases: finger counting, counting with the fingers

Download paper from here.

DOI: 10.12732/ijpam.v85i5.4 How to cite this paper?
International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics
ISSN printed version: 1311-8080
ISSN on-line version: 1314-3395
Year: 2013
Volume: 85
Issue: 5